A Group Culture (3800-3100) was an ancient Nubian culture found in Lower Nubia--first cataract to second cataract, Kubaniyya to Buhen. The A Group culture and society seemed to have been destroyed around 3100 BC, by Egypt's early rulers. A Group culture was contemporary with Egypts Predynastic Period (Naqada I --Amratian, Naqada II --Gerzean ).
The culture is divided into three phase:
1. Early A-Group --corresponds to the latter Amratian period of Ancient Egypt
2. Middle A-Group --middle Gerzean
3. Terminal A group -- unified Egypt
Knowledge of A Group Culture comes mainly from its grave sites. Numerous artifacts have been uncovered-- natives bowls , ivory bracelets, grinders and mortars , cosmetic palette , tools made from copper, palettes made of quarzite. Indication of long distance trade were seen in graves. Artifacts from the Levant and Egypt were uncovered.
The culture was engaged in a combination of cattle raising, the growing of grains, food gathering, hunting of wild game, and fishing.
Ta-Seti, centered at Qustul, was a dominant political entity in A-Group culture and co-kingdom to the developing Upper Egytian polity. Some of the earliest pharaonic iconography can be found in her artifacts, like an incense burner found in Qustul graves representing the white crown of Upper Egypt. By 3100 BC, the culture vanished.