Batswana ( Tswana )

Batswana are a large ethnic group in Botswana and also found in South Africa. During the colonial period, they were referred to as Bechuana, and their land Bechuanaland.  Setswana, which refers to the culture or language, is part of the Bantu sub-member of the Niger-Congo family. Tswana refers to the individual, Batswana the people. Batswana make-up 2/3 the population of Botswana. Botswana means land of the Tswana. Three million Batswana live in South Africa. Setswana is one of the official languages of South Africa. The major ethnic groups are as follow:

Ngwato
Kwena
Kgatla
Ngaketse
Tawana
Tlokwa
Sehurutshe
Lete
Rolong
Tlahaping

The Ngwato is the most populous group.

Works Cited


(2001). Peoples of Africa, Volume 1 Algeria-Botswana. Marshall Cavendish Corporation: New York, p. 41 ISBN 0-8239-2008-9.
Bolaane, Maitseo and Mgadla, Themba(1997). Batswana. Rosen Publishing Group:ISBN 0-8239-2008-9
Denbow, James Raymond and Thebe, Phenyo C (2006). Culture and Customs of Botswana. ISBN 0313331782.