Capital: Kralendijk Nationality:
Population: 17,408 (2013)
Currency: USD/Netherlands Antilles Guilder Off. Lang: Papiamento, Dutch, English Area: 288 sq. km
Internet DM: bq GDP: $244 mil. (2008) Life Exp:
Calling Code: 599

Bonaire (bɒnˈɛə) is one of the islands in the Caribbean that comprises the Netherland Antilles. The island has a total area of 112 sq.miles. The capital is Kralendijk. Dutch is the official language of government, but papiamentu is the language of daily life.


The population is 14,000. The island is comprised of 86% black and mix, Dutch,  East Asian, and 14% other. One finds numerous Christian denominations: Roman Catholic, Mormon, Seventh-Day Adventist, Anglican, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Muslim.

Climate Change Preparedness

 Cost of Inaction by 2025 7.7 bil.


The Dutch took over the island in 1636, two years after Curacao. Slavery did not take strong hold on the island. Bonaire was used to support the slave population of Curacao, in terms of feeding. The native population seemed to have engaged in raising cattle and horses. The small amount of slaving, which included both black and native populations, was used to generate salt. Bonaire was rich in salt pans. Salt was used to mainly preserve meat headed for Curacao. Tiny stone huts were created as permanent dwelling for slaves near salt pans in Rincon. Slavery ended in 1863. Most slaves seemed to take on names that reflected individual character traits.

Works Cited

The, Bonaire, Island Facts, Bonaire, Netherland Antilles. Retrieved January 22, 2011.

tags: caribbean