Bozal (language)

Bozal was the language of African born slaves of Hispanic countries. Bozal was initially of Portuguese and African linguistic extractions, which would later be hispanicized, when slaves reached their destination. It was an attempt by African slaves to speak Spanish.  Bozal is considered a pidgin, which did not fully develop into a creole as say Haitian creole or Jamaican Patois. The exception is the isolated palenquero, the debatable papiamento, and Puerto Rican bozal with its creole traits. Numerous accounts exist of Bozal Spanish in Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Peru, etc., but sources of actual Bozal speech is un-reliable. Most documents on Bozal Spanish are stereotypical renditions of the tongue. Bozal has left major influences on Latin American Spanish.