British Virgin Islands is a UK territory comprising of 16 inhabitated islands and 20 uninhabitated, located east of United States VirginIsland at 18 30 N, 64 30 W. The capital is Road Town on Tortola. Other major islands are Jos Van Dyke and Anegada. English is the official language.
The islands have a total population of 31,148, with a life-expectancy of 77.45 years. The population is 82% black, 6.8% white, and 11.2% other. The religious make-up is 86% Protestant (33% Methodist, 17% Anglican, 9% Church of God, 6% Seventh-Day Adventist, 4% Baptist, 2% Jehovah's Witnesses,15% other ),10% Roman Catholic, 2% other, and 2% none. The island has a literacy rate of 97.8%.
In 2005, the British Virgin Island experience 90% coral bleaching of her reefs. 60% of her corals experience death, a threat to reef survival. The coral reefs are major tourist attraction, thereby the island's economic well being. With rising ocean levels, many beaches experience errosion, another source of tourist revenue.
Between 2003-2010, the island experience major flooding events. With increased temperature, the population of mosquitos has increased and dengue fever has reared its head.
The British Virgin Island has clear policy, execution, and funding plans for climate change. A Climate Change Policy was developed. The Climate Change Committee was developed to implement all policies. The Climate Change Trust Fund was developed to fund projects(first in the Caribbean) that is not dependent only on government but private and philanthropic sources. The British Virgin Islands has taken action in the formation of coral nurseries , an attempt to regrow corals which is very experimental--corals took thousands of years to develop. The government is trying to get 20% of its energy sources from renewals, particularly solar. The installments of solar panels on hotels and domestic dwellings tries to achieve the latter target. Beach rehabilitation has been undertaken, using a technique that utilizes sandbags. To protect the coastal zones the growing of mangroves trees along the coast has been undertaken. For food security, the exploration of greenhouse farming is being implemented.