Cafundo (Cupópia)

Cafundo (Cupópia) is a portuguese language found in southern Brazil in Cafundo near São Paulo. The tongue is considered secret and is near extinction. The language seems to have developed from a Portuguese pidgin of Kimbundu and Kikongo. The language has a Bantu lexicon, with Kimbundu and Kikongo being a major contributor from Central Africa. West African words can also be found in the language. It is not considered a creole because lexicon, syntax, morphology, and phonology is predominantly Portuguese and Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese. It is secret because the lexicon can be used as an ethnic code. This code is aquired between the ages of eleven and twenty.

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