Condomble, Condomblé is an Afro-Brazilian religion that takes influences from various african ethnic religions- Yoruba, Fon, Bantu(Kikongo, Ndongo). Syncretism has been achieved with the Catholic religion.
The religion is comprised of orixás or gods. Every individual is believed to have a god guardian. Ones god guardian is determined by tossing a shell. A god or orisha can be both male or female. Mãe de Santo (female priestess) and pai dos santo (male priest) conduct ceremonies and rituals and instructs the filhat dos santo (iniates). Two flavors of Condomble exist one originating from West Africa, dominated by Yoruba and Dahomeyan beliefs and one originating from Central Africa from Congo and Angola.
The first known practitioners of condomble was a Yoruba sisterhood of Nossa Senhora da Boa Morte in the cities of Salvador and Cachoeira in Bahia State. In the 1830 they founded the the first Terreiro(worship ground) called Casa Branca. Only Yoruba deities (orixá) were worshipped.
Anda, Michael O(1996). Yoruba. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. ISBN 0-8239-1988-9