Condomble, Condomblé

Condomble, Condomblé is an Afro-Brazilian religion that takes influences from various african ethnic religions- Yoruba, Fon, Bantu(Kikongo, Ndongo). Syncretism has been achieved with the Catholic religion.

The religion is comprised of orixás or gods. Every individual is believed to have a god guardian. Ones god guardian is determined by tossing a shell. A god or orisha can be both male or female. Mãe de Santo (female priestess) and pai dos santo (male priest) conduct ceremonies and rituals and instructs the filhat dos santo (iniates). Two flavors of Condomble exist one originating from West Africa, dominated by Yoruba and Dahomeyan beliefs and one originating from Central Africa from Congo and Angola.

The first known practitioners of condomble was a Yoruba sisterhood of Nossa Senhora da Boa Morte in the cities of Salvador and Cachoeira in Bahia State. In the 1830 they founded the the first Terreiro(worship ground) called Casa Branca. Only Yoruba deities (orixá) were worshipped.

Gods
Function
Exu
messenger
Ibegi, mabasa
twins
Omo-Olu
epidemic, smallpox
Ogum
war, iron
Oya Yansan
whirlwind
Lemanjá
ocean
Olodumare
supreme god
Olokun
sea
Omo-Olu
epidemic, smallpox
Orixa Oko
creativity and justice
Orunmila
divination
Osanyin
healing 
Oxaguiam
creativity and justice
Oxala
creativity and justice
Oxalufom
creativity and justice
Oxoss(Oxumaré)
rainbow
Oxum
love; sweet water
Oya Yansan
whirlwind
Xango
thunder and ligting
Yemanja
ocean
  


Works Cited

Anda, Michael O(1996). Yoruba. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. ISBN 0-8239-1988-9