Curaçao


Curaçao
Capital: Willemstad Nationality: Curacaoan Population: 146,836 (2013)
Currency: Netherlands Antilles Guilder Off. Lang: Papiamentu, Dutch, English Area: 444 sq. km
Internet DM: cw GDP: $2.95 bil. (2010) Life Exp: 77.47 yrs
Literacy: 96%(2011) Location: 14 40 N, 61 00 W Calling Code: 599


Curaçao(ˌkjʊərəˈsəʊ) is one of the islands in the Caribbean, north of Venezuela, that comprises the
Netherlands Antilles.
Willemstad is the capital. Dutch is the official language of government, but papiamento is the language of daily life.

Demographics

The island has a population 142,180. The island is comprised of 85% mixed black ,15% other (includes Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian). The island is 80.1% Roman Catholic, 5.5% Protestant, 4.6% None, 3.5% Pentecostal ,2.2% Seventh Day Adventist, 1.7% Jehovah's Witness, 0.8% Jewish, 1.3% other, and not reported 0.3%.

Climate Change Preparedness


 Cost of Inaction by 2025 7.7 bil.


Curaçao has an issue with pollution and sewage being dumped into sea water. This will have adverse effects on its coral population, and the biodiversity and stock of marine population. The latter is also compounded by overfishing. There seems to have been incidents of sea urchin death. Mangroves are being cut down for development. Mangroves are vital for sifting pollution, coral reef protection, and coastal protection in breaking waves.

Curaçao has engaged in several action to address climate change. A program called Blu Halo has been developed to use ocean resource in a sustainable way by designating no fishing zones. Special fishing traps called carmbi have been used to encourage sustainable fishing. Fishing incubators are being using to replenish fish population, especially fish like the parrot fish, which is beneficial to surrounding waters. Research is being undertaken to regrow corals in water tanks. Certain parts of the islands like Eastpoint has been reserved for no development as a means of propagating coral growth. Tree growing campaigns have also been explored with education targeting the youth about climate change.

Timeline of Curaçao History
1499 Spanish documented island
1600s Papiamentu develops
1634-1636 Dutch acquire
Curaçao, Spanish and native population expelled, slavery introduced, Curaçao become slave transhipment point
1640
Portuguese lost Asiento
1713 Dutch lost the Asiento
1746-1749 Drought in
Curaçao
1750
First slave revolt by Gold Coast/Amina slaves
1750-1795 Vrijkorps or Free Corps , security force formed
1770s Global recession decrease Dutch slaving
1778 Last enslaved Africans delivered
1795 Tula's(Toela) Rebellion@Kanepa Plantation
1800-1816 British control island
1816
Curaçao becomes permanent Dutch colony
1863 Slavery comes to an end
2010 Curacao,Saba, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten , Bonaire self  
         governing country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands



History


Curaçao was originally settled by Caiquetio Indians. The Spanish was the first Europeans to settle the island in 1499. The Dutch took the island in 1634 and stayed to 1636. They proceeded to expell all Spanish and Indian population on the island. At this time they introduced African slavery on the island. Curaçao was mainly used as a shipping point for slaves. Local slaves were use in agriculture growing fruits and vegetabl,  for feeding enslaved africans at port. A dyewood industry developed harvesting divi divi pods, used for tanning.

Slavery in Curacao was mainly domestic. In 1683, 75% of slaves were domestics and 25% field slaves. A free population developed. Colonial society developed into a caste with whites at the top, free colored below, and slaves at the bottom. Between 1750-1795, most free mulatto and black served in the security corps called the Vrijkorps. Black women served as yaya raising children of slave owners. Sometimes slaves were made supervisor of other slaves called bombas.

A color caste eventually developed around labor. The darker the skin tone the lower the job status. Racial categorisation also developed. Unique terms for various admixture could be found in the ABCs.

Combination 
 Categorization
Black parent and white
mulatto
Black parent and indian
sambo/confuso
Black and mulatto
griff
White and Indian
meztizo
White and meztizo
castizo
White and castizo
pustizo




Works Cited

World Statesman.org, Curaçao






tags: caribbean