Funana is a style of Cape Verdean music and dance. Norberto Navares, Finacon, and Bulimundo popularize an uptempto form of the music. It became a symbol of independence from Portugal in the 1970s. The style had its beginnings in the island of Sao Tiago(Irwin 35,36). Sources say it may have began in the early 1800s(Fryer 174).
Traditional Funana uses the diatonic accordion, home-made iron scraper, though that might be absent in its modern form, which can use electronic instrumentation(Titon). It is sung and danced in a quadratic meter(Manuel 96). Funana is also sang in Cape Verdean Creole.
Related Articles: Cape Verdean Creole, Kizomba, Kuduro
Irwin, Aisling and Wilson, Colum. Cape Verde Islands. Bradt Travel Guides: pp. 35, 36 ISBN 1841622761, 9781841622767
Fryer, Peter(2000). Rhythm of Resistance: African Musical Tradition in Brazil. Wesleyan University Press: p. 174 ISBN 0819564184, 9780819564184
Manuel, Peter(). Popular Music of the Non-Western World: A Introductory Survey. Oxford University Press US: p. 96, ISBN 0195063341, 9780195063349
Dissertation abstracts international:The humanities and social sciences. University Microfilms International, 1998
Titon, Jeff T. and Carlin, Bob(2002). American Musical Tradition: African American Music. Schirmer Reference: ISBN 0028654889, 9780028654881