Funj Sultanate was a sultanate founded by the funj, a pastoral people, who originated from the upper Nubia to
The Funj were originally pastoral. By 1600, they became muslims and started settling in towns. Senna became their capital.
The Funj Sultanate ruled from the Ethiopian Highlands to the third cataract. The Funj were overlords over farming communities and pastoralist along the Nile. They collected tribute from conquered territories and left individual local authority and structure in place.
Shillington, Kevin (2005). History of Africa. Revised 2nd ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, p. 163. ISBN 0-333-59957-8