Hausa People

Hausa People are an ethnic group whose language belong to the Chadic branch of the Afroasiatic family. They were the founders of the seven Hausa Kingdoms. They were one of the earliest people in the western Sahel to convert to Islam.


Origins


According to Hausa legends the Hausa people had their origins with the coming of an Arabian prince--Bayajidda from Baghdad. Bayajidda freed Daura from a serpent imprisoning the people of the city state. Bayajidda is said to have married the queen of Daura. Their union produced a son named Bawo , who then begot seven sons who founded the seven Hausa kingdom.

Family


The basic Hausa family unit consist of the gandu--the eldest brother,who is the head of the household, his wives and children, his brothers and their wives and children, one or two elderly family members, servants or slaves. Servants or slaves can be found depending on wealth of the household.

Hausa Names


Female 

Baturiya
Delu (only girl, after several male death)
Gambo
Aishatu
Bahijjah
Fatima
Hassana
Husiana


Male

Abashe
Alkali (Judge)
Audu
Babangida (father of the house)
Bakano (inhabitant of Kano)
Barmani
Bature
Bulu
Junaidu
Madaki
Muhktar
Shagari
Shehu

Language


The Hausa language belongs to the Afroasiatic family of the Chadic branch. It the most widely spoken language in West Africa. It is considered a lingua franca spoken cross-section of non-Hausa ethnics and mainly used as a language of trade. The language's core distribution can be found in northern Nigeria, Niger, northern Ghana, northern Cameroon. Diasporic communities can be found in Sudan and Saudi Arabia.

Counting number system


NumbersHausa
0sifili
1daya
biyu
uku
4hudu
biyar
6shidda
7bakwai
8takwas
9tara
10goma
11goma sha daya
12goma sha biyu
13goma sha uku 
14goma sha hudu 
15goma sha biyar
16goma sha shidda
17goma sha bakwai 
18goma sha takwas 
19goma sha tara
20ashirin
21ashirin sha daya
22ashirin sha biyu 
23ashirin sha uku
24ashirin sha hudu
25ashirin sha biyar
26ashirin sha shidda 
27ashirin sha bakwai 
28ashirin sha takwas 
29ashirin sha tara 
30talatin
40arbain
50hamsin
60sittin
70sabain
80tamanin
90tasani
100dari
200dari biyu
300dari uku
1000dubu
1001dubu daya da daya
  
  


Hausa Script


Music


Hausa music makes use of rhythm, string, and wind instruments. Rhythm instruments like the kwarya or gasi made of calabash beaten with a stick. String instruments can be found like the molo or three string lute and the goge or goje--bowed lute. The Hausa play wind instruments like the kaki similiar to the brass trumpet. Other instruments include the kuru, gunduwa, and isintsima