How to grow bananas

Banana is the 4th most important food staple in the world. India is the number one producer of bananas and produces 16 million tons a year. Brazil is the second largest producer.

Ideal conditions for bananas are a temperature of 67 F at night and 80 F during the day.  Humidity of 50% and higher are ideal and 12 hours of bright light. Soil must be loose for water drainage. It must not be allowed to become moist or damp; the banana roots will rot. Adding perlite can keep the soil loose. Banana grows best in the tropics.

Banana is grown from its rhizomes, which pertrudes from the side of a mature banana. Bananas have to be ten feet apart, so enough sunlight can get through. The roots have to be completely covered with soil, and 1/2“ of the base of the rhizome covered.

Fertilizer should be 10% nitrogen, 2% phosphorus, and 22% potassium. Fruit and vegetable fertilizers are pretty good.  It will require 1-1/2 to 2 pounds of fertilizers a month.  Fertilizers should be applied evenly around the plant. 

It takes a year for a banana tree to become fully grown.

In terms of climate change with rising temperatures, banana will be able to grow well in many places, but will put great demand on water resources. Banana diseases will increase due to rising temperature like black sigatoka, which has devastated the Caribbean banana industry.

Video Links:

Plant a Banana Tree, by Ty Ty Nursery, on Youtube
Banana Trees 101, by pondplantgirl, on Youtube
Banana Farming in Hawaii (Part 1), by Scott Nelson, Youtube
Banana Farming in Hawaii (Part 2), by Scott Nelson, Youtube
Banana Farming in Hawaii (Part 3), by Scott Nelson, Youtube
Banana Farming in Hawaii (Part 4), by Scott Nelson, Youtube

Works Cited

Paquette, Linda. How to Grow Banana.
Sheridan, Glyn. How to Grow Banana Trees
Categorical Trivia