Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire)

Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
Capital: Yamoussoukro Nationality: Ivoirian Population: 21,952,093
Currency: CFA (XOF) Off. Lang: French Area: 322,463 sq km
Internet DM: ci GDP: $35.6 bil. Life Exp: 57.25 yrs
Literacy: 48.7% Location: 8 00 N, 5 00 W Calling Code: 225

Ivory Coast is a west African country bordered by Guinea, Liberia to the west, Mali, Burkina Faso to the North, Ghana to the East. The exact location is 8 00 N, 5 00 W. It has an area of 322,463 sq km. Yamoussoukro is the capital.


Ivory Coast has a population of 21,058,798, with a life expectancy of 56.19 years. The population is 42.1% Akan(baule), 17.6% Voltaiques or Gur, 26.5% Mande, 11% Krous,  and 2.8% other. The country is 36.8% muslim, 32.8% christian, 11.9% indigenous, and 16.7% none.


The Mali Empire was a powerful entity in northern Ivory Coast.  The Kong Kingdom arose in the 1600s, in the north central region. The Kru people from Liberia also moved into the area around the 1600s. The Jaman Kingdom also arose in the region founded by the Abron people, fleeing Ashanti might, near the present day city of Bondoukou. The region became a major center of muslim learning. We see further development of Akan speaking states after 1750, the Baule, the Indenie, and the Sanwi Kingdoms.

The French arrived in the 1840s and by 1893 had conquered the region. Ivory Coast received her independence in 1960. In 1999, the country had its first coup under junta chief Robert GUEI. In 2002, Laurent Gbagbo was elected president. In 2002, rebels claimed the north, but a unity government was achieved in 2003. 

Works Cited

Marshall Cavendish(2000). Peoples of Africa. ISBN 0761471588, 9780761471585