Kenya (ˈkɛnjə, ˈkiːnjə) is an east African country bordered by Sudan, Ethiopia to the north, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, with an exact location of 1 00 N, 38 00 E. The country has an area of 580,367 sq km. Nairobi is the capital. English and Kiswahili are the official language.
The population is 40,046,566, with a life expectancy of 58.82 years. The ethnic breakdown is as follows 22% Kikuyu, 14% Luhya, 13% Luo, 12% Kalenjin ,11% Kamba , 6% Kisii, 6% Meru, 15% other, and 1% non-African. Kenya is 45% Protestant, 33% Roman Catholic, 10% Muslim, 10% indigenous beliefs, and 2% other. The literacy rate is 90.6% male and 79.7% female.
Kenya has been a region populated by diverse ethnolinguistic migrations since 2000 BC. Kikuyu, Kamba, and Meru from the Great Bantu Expansion from west Africa. Turkana migration from the Ethiopian highlands and the Massai, Samburu, and Luo from the great Nilo-Saharan migration of southern Sudan. Swahili culture also developed, from indigenous Bantu interaction with Indian Ocean trade. Famous Swahili towns of Mombasa and Lamu arose in the region.
The British arrived in the 19th century and established huge farming plantations, gradually controlling Kenya. British colonization in the latter 1800s, saw the dispossession of Kenyan natives. The best land was taken for large white own farms, especially Kikuyu land. In 1956, the Mau Mau under Jomo Kenyata rebelled against British colonial rule. The rebellion proved to be a failure, but paved the way for independence in 1963, with Jomo Kenyata as the first president. Kenyata and his party Kenya African National Union (KANU) dominated Kenyan political life for decades. In 1978, Daniel Arap Mois succeeded Kenyata. Moi and KANU would remain in power for two decades, until 2002. In the election of 2002, Mwai Kibaki representing the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) won the election breaking 40 years of dominance of the KANU party.
Nairobi Stock Exchange(NSE, https://www.nse.co.ke/)
More Info: List of Kenyan Companies
The Nairobi Stock Exchange(NSE, https://www.nse.co.ke/) is the liscenced stock exchange of Kenya. Bonds and equities are exchange. It is totally electronic. Transactions are processed immediately. A total of 60 companies are listed on the exchange, as of June 4, 2013. It is located on the 1st Floor of the Nation Centre, in Nairobi, Kenya. The Nairobi Stock Exchange started as a British market in the 1920s. It was incorporated as a British company in 1954 and an extension of the London Stock Exchange. It became a Kenyan entity in 1961, after independence, when native Kenyans could participate. After 2003, the NSE experience immense growth in market capitalization.
Kenyan cuisine is very diverse as is her population. Cuisine can reflect geography and modes of settlement. The Luos located near Lake Victoria has lots of fish dishes like obambla, mbuta. The Massai for example has numerous cattle meat base dishes and by-product of cattle--nkiri(stew/barbequed meat), kule naato(hardened milk), nyama choma(grilled/barbequed meat). The agrarian Kikuyus are known for plant base dish githeri (corn and beans) and mukimo(corn, potato, and beans). All Kenyans consume the ugali corn dow dish and greens, sukuma wiki. Alcoholic beverages include corn base liquor busaa and changaa. Changaa can prove dangerous when consumed by a non-reputable or establish producer.
World Factbook, Kenya