Krio Language

Krio Language (Krio, Aku, Patois) was an English base language of Krio people, who founded the colony of Freetown in Sierra Leone in 1787. The tongue has become the lingua franca of Sierra Leone. Krios were from the Caribbean(Jamaican Maroons), Canada(Nova Scotians with elements of Gullah and Virginian Black English), liberated Africans captured from slave ships along the west African coast and European(British and German groups) and local populations(Temne, Baga, Mende). The latter groups brought elements that added to the Krio language and culture.  A strong Yoruba and Akan component exist in the tongue. The language is related to other Caribbean English creoles and Gullah.

Works Cited

Dalby, Andrew. Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages. Columbia University Press pp. 331. ISBN 0231115695, 9780231115698

Dixon-Fyle, Mac and Cole, Gilbril Raschid. New Perspectives on the Sierra Leone Krio. Peter Lang, pp. 2-4, ISBN 0820479373, 9780820479378

Neumann-Holzschuh, Ingrid and Verner-Schneider, Edgar(2000). Degrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages.John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 276,277. ISBN 9027252440, 9789027252449

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