Montserrat (mont-suh-rat) is an island country in the lesser antilles southwest of Antigua and Barbuda, located at 16 45 N, 62 12 W. It has a total area of 102 sq km. The capital is Plymouth. English is the official language.
The population is 5,118 with 8,000 refugees, who left the island after Soufriere Hill volcanic activity. The average life expectancy is 72.91 years. The island is 95.45% Christian (Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian), 1.47% Bahai, 0.15% Spiritist, and 0.10% Hindu. The literacy rate is 97%.
Montserrat was the fourth island to be inhabited by the British, from their starting point of St. Kitts. Sugar took hold on Montserrat during the eighteenth century and is reflected in the racial composition of the island. In 1707, the population of Montserrat was 1 white to 2 black. By 1774, the population was 1 white to 8 black. By 1806, Montserrat had 5,026 slaves.
Montserrat had her first major slave revolt in 1776.