St. Lucia


St. Lucia
Capital: Castries Nationality: Saint Lucian Population: 162,178
Currency: XCD Off. Lang: English Area: 616 sq km
Internet DM: lc GDP: $63.44 bil. Life Exp: 77.04 yrs
Literacy: 90.1% Location: 13 53 N, 60 58 W Calling Code: 758

St. Lucia is an island country with Martinique to the north and St. Vincent and the Grenadines to her south, with a location of 13 53 N, 60 58 W. St. Lucia has an area of 616 sq km. Castries is the capital, with English as the
official language, but a french base creole called "Patois" is widely spoken.


The population of St. Lucia is 161,557, with an average life expectancy of 76.84 years. The ethnic breakdown is 82.5% black , 11.9% mixed, 2.4% East Indian, 3.1% other or unspecified. St. Lucia is 67.5% Roman Catholic, 18.2% Protestant (8.5% Seventh-Day Adventist, 5.7% Pentecostal, 2% Anglican, 2% Evangelical), 5.1% other Christian, 2.1% Rastafarian, 1.1% other, 1.5% unspecified, and 4.5% none. The country has a 90.1% literacy rate.

Climate Change Preparedness


St. Lucia being an eastern Caribbean island will be hit hard by more frequent and intense hurricanes. Weather patterns will become more extreme--water shortages and droughts will plague the island. Intense and increase rainfalls will cause widespread flooding. Solutions like small scale solar dissalination of sea water are being used as fix for water-shortage problems. Other activities includes the climate proofing of the Marchand Community Center and the building of water harvesting and waste recycling in the Coconut Bay Beach Resort in Vieux Fort. St. Lucia with the formation of the Soufriere Marine Management Association has engaged in managing her coastal water resource, protecting fish population and coral reefs, thereby her tourist industry. St. Lucia signed the April 22, 2016 Paris Agreement on climate change.

 Cost of Inaction by 2025  12.1 bil.


History


The first attempt at establishing a colony in the Caribbean by the English was in St. Lucia in 1605. The colony was a failure due to hostile Caribs.

After the Napoleonic wars, St. Lucia was ceded back to Britain. 

By 1806, St. Lucia had a total slave population of 10,328. 8,112 toiled in the fields and 1,451 served domestic purposes. Sugar was the major export commodity. With the Haitian Revolution, Cuba took up the sugar production slack. Cuba proved more efficient at generating sugar. Cuba's efficiency began damaging the sugar economy of the British antilles. Britain began to view slave labor as a non-viable economic endeavor. In 1833, the British Emancipation Act was pass barring slavery. 

St. Lucia during the colonial era was a three tiered society-- black slave, mulatto, and white. Under the French and British, laws were kept in place to keep the non-white in his place. Mulattos could never achieve equal status with whites. In 1720, laws were passed banning blacks and mulattos from wearing second hand clothes discarded by masters. Domestic slaves were banned from wearing earings. 

Between 1838 through 1924, East Indian labor was introduced to St. Lucia to prove free labor was cheaper than slave labor. A total of 1,550 immigrants arrived from India, during the period.

During the 1940s, after the World War II, we see the U.S. take interest in the island. The U.S. leased naval bases on the island.

Indexes


 Index  Value
 Corruption Perception Index  78.7(2015)
 Ease of Doing Business  77 (2015)
 Human Development Index  .729(2015)
 World Press Freedom  (2015)




Works Cited

CIA Factbook, St. Lucia