St. Vincent and the Grenadines


St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Capital: Kingstown Nationality: Saint Vincentian/Vincentian Population: 103,537
Currency: XCD Off. Lang: English Area: 389 sq km
Internet DM: vc GDP: $1.224 bil. Life Exp: 74.39 yrs
Literacy: 96% Location: 13 15 N, 61 12 W Calling Code: 784

St. Vincent and the Grenadines is an island country, located in the Windward group of islands, south of St. Lucia, located 13 15 N, 61 12 W. English is the official language. Kingstown is the capital. The country has a
total area of 389 sq km.







Demographics


St. Vincent and the Grenadines has a total population of 103,869, with an average life expectancy of 74.15 years. The country is 75% Protestant 75% (47% Anglican, 28% Methodist), 13% Roman Catholic, 12% other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant). The ethnic breakdown is 66% black, 19% mixed, 6% East Indian, 4% European, 2% Carib Amerindian, 3% other. The island has a literacy rate of 96%.

Climate Change Preparedness


 Cost of Inaction by 2025 11.8 bil.


Indexes


*St. Vincent is class with Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
 Index Value
 Corruption Perception Index (2015)
 Ease of Doing Business 111 (2015)
 Human Development Index .720(2015)
 World Press Freedom(OECS) 30(2016)


History


The French and English could not agree on the status of St. Vincent. They brokered a treaty with the Caribs, leaving the island in Carib hands. In 1730, disagreement between France and Britain occurred over the island. Britain claimed an 'undoubted right' to St. Vincent. France said in the Treaty of 1660, the island belonged to the Carib. 

After 1783, St. Vincent came under British sovereignty.

St. Vincent had a population of free person of color. They held an inferior status.  In 1767, an act was passed stating any free person of color striking a white would be whipped and imprisoned for six month.  This same act made it difficult to free slaves. A payment of  100 pounds had to be paid into the treasury, and the free person had to receive 4 pounds every six month. 

Some slaves runnaway. The penalty for runnaway slave was severe in St. Vincent. Fifty lashes were administered for the first time offender, one hundred lashes for the second time offender, and one hundred fifty for the third time offender. 

The majority of slaveowners in St. Vincent owned less than ten slave. In 1806, the island had a total slave population of 18,114, 13,673 were field slaves and 2,208 were domestics or 12%. By 1774, St. Vincent was exporting 3,129 tons of sugar.  St. Vincent in 1894, exported 12% of all sugar exported from the British Caribbean.
 
In 1833, the British Emancipation Act was pass barring slavery.

Around the 1830s, sugar production began to decline. Stats show between 1835-1838 compared to 1831-1834, sugar production was down -5%. Between 1839-1842 compared to 1831-1834 sugar production was down -40%. Planters began to look to India for indentured workers after the end of slavery, to increase production. A total of 1,826 East Indians immigrated to St. Vincent.  According to the records production did not increase. Sugar production from 1828 moved from 14,403 tons to 2,585 in 1895. 

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Works Cited