Suriname Maroons

Suriname Maroons are black ethnics of Suriname and French Guiana, who runaway from plantation slavery to form independent societies and states within the rainforest. They are 10% of the population or 112,031. They include six ethnics:  Djuka, Saramka, Matawai, Aluku, Paramaka, Kwinti. The Djuka, Paramaka, and Aluku live in the eastern part of Suriname and French Guiana along the Marowijne River. Their creole is predominantly English. The Saramka, Matawai, and Kwinti live in the central part of Suriname, in the upper Suriname River and Saramaka River. Their creole is predominantly Portuguese.   

Due to the thick rainforest vegetation and uneven terrain of Suriname, many slave rebelled by simply running away and forming independent communities, during the 1600s and 1700s. Maroons were able to preserve many African traditions. The Maroon communities also engage in guerrilla warfare against the Dutch planters, destroying crops and property. Their insurgency caused the planter aristocracy to call for peace and sign treaties recognizing Maroon societies, as independent states, within Suriname's borders. The following Maroon states were able to acquire treaties: Ndyuka in 1760, Saramaka in 1762, Matawai in 1767, and Aluku in 1860. Paramaka and Kwinti never signed treaties but were recognized as independent polities.

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