Ta-Seti (3500 BC-3100 BC) was the first known Nubian state, located between the first and second cataract. Ta-Seti was the name used to refer to Nubia at its first incarnation by Egyptians. Ta-Seti meant "Land of the Bow", the main weapon of the Nubians. The Nubian bow is the same bow found among all Sudanese ethnics. The state rose among the many chiefdoms of the Nile to become the most powerful between 3500 to 3100 BC.

Based on an incense burner found in Qustul, Cemetary L with pharaonic insignia, established Ta-Seti as one of the earliest location of pharaonic kingship tradition with images of falcon god Horus and other insignia of later dynastic pharaohs. Insignia of the white crown of upper Egypt was represented on the incense burner. Ta-Seti as a kingdom from pictographic representation claims to have even controlled Upper Egypt.

Ta Seti began her decline in 3300, after Egypt took control of trade in her southern borders. Egypt having more fertile land, greater population density, and unified in 3100 B.C. by Narmer became more powerful. Pharaoh Aha in the First Dynasty completely destroyed the state. Ta-Seti is affiliated with the Nubian A-group culture. A-group parallels the latter Amratian, Gerzian, and unification period (Naqada III) of Egyptian history. In later times, the name Ta-Seti would refer to Egypt's most southern nome or district.

Works Cited

Ehret, Christopher(2002). The Civilizations of Africa. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, p. 144 ,145. ISBN 0-8139-2085-X.

Keita,S. O. Y(2005). Explanation of the Pattern of P49a,f TaqI RFLP Y­ Chromosome Variation in Egypt. African Archaeological Review, Vol. 22.


tags: sudan egypt