Timeline of Caribbean History

Date  Events 
1493  Christopher Columbus introduce creole sugarcane to New World on second voyage 
1501  Sept. 3, King of Spain initiate black slavery with export of slaves from Spain--ladinos --to Hispaniola
1511  De Las Casas advocated African slavery over native
1516  Gonzalo de Vedosa establish the first sugar mill or trapiche in Hispaniola
1521  1st slave revolt in New World in Hispaniola, initiated by Wolof slaves and slaves from the Senegambian coast
1548  Indian population in lower hundreds from 200,000-300,000 in 1492 on Hispaniola
1649Sweden enters the slave trade 
France passes the Code Noir - regulating the treatment of slaves
1791  Haitian Revolution initiated by slaves from the Congo/Angola region , sugar plantations in northern  Haiti,
losing 30% of her population
Julien Fedon's Rebellion in Grenada, inspired by the Haitian Revolution
Tula's Rebellion in Curaçao, inspired by the Haitian Revolution
1803  Toussaint Louverture dies in French prison
1804  Dessaline declares Haiti an independent Republic, the 2nd republic after the USA in New World
1816Bussa's Rebellion at Bayley's Plantation in Barbados
1821 Haiti invades and annexed the Dominican Republic stays till 1844
1822 Haiti, under Boyer,  ends slavery in the Dominican Republic via invasion
1825  Boyer accepts French indemnity of 125 million francs as compensation for revolution--cripples social development 
1833  British Emancipation Act, ends slavery in British Caribbean ,establishes Apprenticeship( Patronato in 
Spanish territories)

1838 Apprenticeship laws abolished in all British territories 
1838-1924  Asian migration to the Caribbean, predominantly from India and lesser numbers from China and Indonesia(Java) as indentured labor
1848  -Slavery abolished, finally, in all French territories--Martinique , Guadeloupe, Guiana
-Denmark ends slavery in all Territories--Virgin Islands(St. Croix, St. Thomas, St. Johns) 
1849  Queen Mary's revolt in Frederiksted, St. Croix bringing an end to apprenticeship labor laws in Danish Islands--Virgin Islands(St. Croix, St. Thomas, St. Johns)
British Caribbean loses protectionist status and thereby sugar monopoly, beginning decline of Caribbean sugar industry with British free trade policy
1853-1924  22,000 laborers immigrated to Suriname from Indonesia, mainly from Java
Netherlands ends slavery in all her territories
1870  Spain via Moret Law ends slavery in Cuba, Puerto Rico
1898 Feb. USS Maine sank/ Spanish American War, by July Puerto Rico becomes US territory; Cuba semi independent 
1912  Mass slaughtering of members of the Partido Independiente de Color--in Cuba "The Little Black War";
Marcus Garvey sets up the Universal Negro Improvement  Association(UNIA) in Jamaica
United States purchases Danish Islands (US Virgin Islands--St. Croix, St. Thomas, St. Johns) from Denmark
1916 US military occupy Haiti 
1915 US military occupy Dominican Republic
Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic comes to power
1937  15,000 thru 20,000 Haitian masscred at Dominican\Haitian border , ordered by Rafael Trujillo 
French territories(Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana, St. Martins) become Departments with strong assimiliation policy
1957 Francois "Papa Doc"  Duvalier takes power in Haiti 
1958  Federation of the West Indies(British) formed lasted till 1962 , with Jamaica breaking away 
1959  Fidel Castro takes power in Cuba, making Cuba the first communist nation in the Western Hemisphere
1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba by US 
Cuban Missile Crisis in October
Suriname receive independence from Netherlands
1979  Maurice Bishop takes power in Grenada ; Sir Arthur Lewis  from St. Lucia wins Nobel Prize in Economics
1983 Operation Urgent Fury, US invades Grenada 
Aruba becomes self-governing country in Kingdom of Netherlands
1992 Derek Walcot from St. Lucia wins Nobel Prize in literature  
Curacao,Saba, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten , Bonaire self governing country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands

tags: afro-caribbean afro-european afro-british afro-dutch afro-spanish afro-french