Trachoma

Trachoma is an eye infection caused by chlamydia trachomatis. It is transferred by eye seeking flies, who lay there eggs in feces. One can get infected by coming into contact with discharge from an infected eye( handkerchief and towels).
Repeated infection can cause the eyelids, to fold inward rubbing on top of the cornea, causing the eyeball to turn 
opaque, eventually causing blindness. Repeated infection from childhood to adulthood, must occur to develop the disease. Children and women are at great risk.

Places with water shortages, flies, poor hygiene conditions, and crowded households are prone to have high incidence of Trachoma. The World Health Organization has developed a strategy called SAFE for treating the disease: “S” stands for surgery, (“A”) for antibiotics ,(“F”) for facial cleanliness , and (“E”)  for environmental improvement.

Prevention: 
  • Hand and face washing 
  • decreasing areas where flies breed
  • avoid using other individual's personal items towels, handkerchiefs, 

Cure:
  • Azithromycin
  • Tetracycline
  • eyelid surgery

Works Cited

The Carter Center's Trachoma Control Program
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HgSaUCGzqT8

World Health Organization. Prevention of Blindness and Visual Impairment, Priority eye diseases, Trachoma
http://www.who.int/blindness/causes/priority/en/index2.html