Yaws(Framboesia or Pian)

Yaws(Framboesia or Pian) is an infection caused by Treponema pertenue bacterium. The disease usually occurs in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. 75% of cases occur in children. It is endemic in 8 African countries:Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo. It has been eliminated in the Americas. Symptoms include skin lesions. It is transferred through direct skin contact with someone with the infection. Overcrowding, poor sanitation, and poor personal hygiene can spread the disease.

Prevention:
  • avoid direct skin contact with someone with the disease
Cure:
  • a single intramuscular injection of benzathine penicillin
  • oral dose of azithromycin is as effective as benzathine penicillin